But exactly how can we ong these three possibilities?
- [John] [does quit].
- [Is] [John] [gonna quit]?
The new structural configurations suggested from the Numbers step 3-5 require no the newest equipment for the sentence structure, because the extraposed component are only able to come true since a complement of “seems” (Contour step 3), out of “be” (Profile 4), otherwise of your adjective “likely” (Contour 5), and certainly will be organized due to the fact a sibling of your lexical lead of your relevant AP otherwise Vp in how that people non-subject disagreement was regularly instantiated.
Shall we say, such as, which-Extraposition is going to be mentioned given that possible to possess “likely”, hence for the Contour 5 “one she will follow me” is actually a match out-of “likely” and you may “it” is coinstantiated from the topic off “be” and you will secondarily by the subject out-of “seems”? Otherwise shall i say that the fresh new “that”-term was coinstantiated from the (“increased so you’re able to”) a disagreement of “be”, and therefore the latest valence which enables one another “it” and you can an enthusiastic extraposed constituent is present towards verb “be” (Figure cuatro), therefore the “it” was coinstantiated from the topic off “seems”? Otherwise will we point out that the new “that”-clause was coinstantiated by the topic regarding “be” and you can secondarily because of the subject out-of “seems” and that it was at the degree of the definition of lead from the “seems” that extraposed term appears (Contour 5)?
The essential difference between brand new alternatives away from Figures 3-5 has to do with issue away from what disagreement inside the newest valence off a fit predicator try coinstantiated as to what disagreement regarding valence of one’s ruling predicator
It is hard to get definitive objections to answer this matter, however, all of our choice is the structure used in Contour 3. As a result, a compromise between a few intuitions. The first is the “it” therefore the extraposed clause really should not be towards vastly other account of your tree, since they’re into the Figure thirteen, while the, in the event undoubtedly maybe not coreferrential, they actually do in some sense cash out an individual semantic specifications. Next intuition is that It-extraposition must cybermen pÅ™ihlÃ¡Å¡enÃ be formulated since the a beneficial valence (linking) construction in order to bring this new generalization you to regardless of grammatical form (subj, obj, pobj) one to discovers null “it” throughout the associated structural position (child from S, girl off Vice-president, child away from PP) in addition to semantics-affect clause at the end of the phrase. The give up are typically in impact to allow the newest clausal argument read coinstantiation around the highest verb in a sequence regarding elevating predicates and then help “it” and also the semantics-impact term each other be valence elements of this predicator and possess know appropriately. (Another method are required in the event that “seem”-type predicators exists downstairs, mainly because verbs don’t succeed clausal objections in their limited valences to start which have.)
Which instinct try backed by the reality that plain old intonation isn’t effective of one’s extraposed term being buried within restrict depth regarding Vice president
It’s ideal to begin our need to your special, “seem”-sorts of verbs. This new verb “seem” from inside the Data step 3-5 can be used in its IC (hence, Raising) type. In the case of the latest FC form of the brand new “seem” verbs, however, it is necessary to provide the It-Extraposition valence from the beginning, we.elizabeth., as an element of its limited valence, while the “that”term victims so you can “seem” are not you’ll be able to. You to valence should include (i) a beneficial [character [girlfriend subj, q null]] argument to which the brand new lexeme “it” try assigned, and (ii) a “that”-term and this holds a different grammatical setting that people will-call “xp” (good mnemonic for “extraposition”). This new component that have [part [gf xp, q blogs]], getting one of many non-topic objections of verb, is instantiated just like the a sister with the verb “seem”. Nevertheless “it”, as being the topic, try however designed for coinstantiation from the large embedding predicates, and will thus take part in a sequence from elevating.